Title Public Perceptions and Attitudes Regarding Environment in China
 Collaborators Xiaolin Xi (NRCSTD Beijing), Lihong Fan (NRCSTD Beijing), Xueming Ding (NRCSTD Beijing), H. Keith Florig (CMU)
 Keywords China, public perceptions, environment
 Abstract It is generally acknowledged that perceptions and attitudes regarding the environment are key determinants of the trajectory of environmental management. Nowhere, perhaps, is the evolution of such perceptions and attitudes so important as in China, where rapid industrialization, poor environmental conditions, and decades of isolation from the global environmental movement have created a great need for environmental education and more aggressive environmental management. To gauge the current status of public perceptions and attitudes regarding environment in China, we collected and reviewed over a dozen public surveys of environmental awareness conducted in China in the 1990s. We analyzed how knowledge and value variables vary with demographic, economic, and geographic variables. We also gained a sense of the state of Chinese survey methods, which is quite mixed. Our project included a workshop held in Beijing in October 1997 for practitioners and users of environmental surveys. To date, this project has produced a book (in Chinese, co-funded by the Chinese Environmental Education Foundation) containing edited versions of the October '97 workshop papers, as well as a synthesis chapter analyzing important themes and detailing the challenges of measuring and interpreting perceptions and attitudes in China. A companion paper in English is in preparation.